Rabu, 30 April 2014

Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2 - Subject Verb Agreement


Subject Verb – Agreement

Subject verb agreement adalah persesuaian antara verb dengan subject dalam hal number yaitu singular (tunggal) atau plural (jamak). Subject dapat berupa noun, pronoun atau konstruksi lain yang berakting sebagai noun seperti gerund dan infinitive. Pada dasarnya singular subject(subject tunggal menggunakan singular verb (kata kerja tunggal), sedangkan plural subject(subject jamak menggunakan plural verb atau kata kerja jamak.

Singular à she/he/it menggunakan verb ies/es/is
Plural     à they/we/i/you menggunakan verb 1
Contoh :
1. thatha go to school
   ( singular karena ada kata he dan verb dari kata go menggunakan tambahan kata es)
2. they play vollyball
    ( plural karena ada kata they dan play nya menggunakan verb 1)

EACH AND EVERY 

Untuk kalimat yang diawali “ Each / Every “ diikuti dengan “ Singular Noun “ lalu “ Singular Verb “.

Each/Every + Singular Noun + Singular Verb

every girls and boys is in the class

each people needs hobby

EXCEPTION : Every and each are always followed immediately by singular nouns. In this case, even then there are two (or more) nouns connected by and, the verb is singular.

PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE

Untuk subjek yang dikuti “Prepositional Phrase”, maka untuk menentukan Verb-nya  Singular / Plural itu ditentukan oleh Subjeknya.


the historical book on that table is interesting

The leather jackets on the cabinets are mine.

(The historical = Singular Subject, is = Singular Verb )
(The leather = Plural Subject, are = Plural Verb )


GERUND
Jika “ Gerund “ sebagai Subjek, maka Verb-nya Singular.
(a) Growing flower is her hobby.

A gerund used as the subject of sentence takes a singular verb.

SOME OF, A LOT OF, MOST OF, A HALF OF

Jika diikuti “Singular Noun”, maka Verb-nya  Singular .
Jika diikuti “Plural Noun”, maka Verb-nya Plural.


(a) The politician, along with the newsmen, is expected shortly.


(b) A car and a bike are my means of transportation.

(The politician = Singular Noun, is = Singular Verb )
(A car and a bike = Plural Noun, are = Plural Verb )



ONE OF, EACH OF, EVERY ONE OF

Selalu diikuti “ Plural Noun” dan Verb-nya Singular.
·         One of my friends is singer.
 
(my friends = Plural Noun,  is = Singular Verb )
·         Each of my firends is different.
 
(my firends = Plural Noun, is = Singular Verb )
 
THE NUMBER OF , A NUMBER OF
 
 
The Number Of  diikuti “Plural Noun” kemudian “ Singular Verb”
 
A Number Of diikuti “ Plural Noun” kemudian “ Plural Verb”
·         The number of players football is eleven
 
(players football = Plural Noun, is = Singular Verb )
·         A number of students in this class are women.
 
(students = Plural Noun, are = Plural Verb )


EXERCISE 

1.        The subject you will studying in this course ( is ,are) listed in syllabus.
Ket: the subject (s) merupakan singular noun, maka verbnya (is) merupakan singular verb.
 
2.        The professor and the student ( agree, agrees) on that point.
Ket: karena merupakan singular noun, maka verb yang digunakan singular.
 
3.        Almost every professors and student at the university ( approves, approve).
Ket: karena merupakan singular noun, maka verb yang digunakan singular. Approves merupakan singular dan approve merupakan plural.
 
4.        Why (was, were) yoko and alex late for the meeting?
Ket : subjek plural, verb plural.
 
5.        Some of fruit in this bowl ( is, are) rotten.
Ket : some of + singular noun, verb singular.
 
6.        Most of movies (is,are) funny.
Ket : some of + plural noun, verb plural.
 
7.        Half of this money ( is, are) yours.
Ket : subjek singular, verb singular.
 
8.        A lot of clothing in this store ( is,are) on sale this week.
Ket : a lot of + subject gerund, verb singular.
 
9.        The number of employees in my company ( is, are) approximately ten thousand.
Ket : the number + plural noun, verb singular.
 
10.  Why (was, were) some of the students excused from the examination.
Ket : some of + plural noun, verb plural.
 
 

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